Vocabulary

Attachment refers to a deep and enduring emotional bond that connects one person to another across time and space.

Authoritarian parenting style is characterized by high demandingness with low responsiveness

Authoritative parenting style is characterized by high demandingness with huge responsiveness

Concrete operations stage children overcome tendency to focus on a single dimension and think logically in most situations but cannot think in systematic scientific ways

Cultural neuroscience is a field of research that focuses on the interrelation between a human’s cultural environment and neurobiological systems

Enculturation describes the uniquely human form of learning that is taught by one generation to another.

Enculturation agents are individuals and institutions that serve a role in shaping individual adaptions to a specific culture to better ensure growth and effectiveness

Formal operations period, children attain the reasoning power of mature adults

Goodness-of-fit refers to the interaction of child temperament with caretaker personality and parenting style

Neuroplasticity is the ability of the brain to change throughout an individual’s life.

Parental responsiveness, which refers to the degree the parent responds to the child’s needs.

Parental demandingness, is the extent to which the parent expects more mature and responsible behavior from a child.

Permissive parenting style is characterized by low demandingness with high responsiveness.

Preoperational stage children can solve not only this simple problem (which they actually can solve after 9 months) but show a wide variety of other symbolic-representation capabilities

Sensitive Period of Development describes a window of opportunity where experiences have a greater impact on certain areas of brain development.

Sensorimotor stage children’s thinking is largely realized through their perceptions of the world and their physical interactions with it

Strange situation, a laboratory task for studying infant, parent attachment

Temperament broadly refers to consistent individual differences in behavior that are biologically based and are relatively independent of learning

 

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Culture and Psychology by L D Worthy; T Lavigne; and F Romero is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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