Medical terms are built from word parts. Those word parts are , , , and . When a is combined with a the word part is referred to as a .
Identifying Word Parts in Medical Terms
By the end of this resource, you will have identified hundreds of word parts within medical terms. Let’s start with some common medical terms that many non-medically trained people may be familiar with.
Oste/o/arthr/itis – Inflammation of bone and joint.
Oste/o is a that means bone
arthr/o is a that means joint
-itis is a that means inflammation
Intra/ven/ous – Pertaining to within a vein.
Intra- is a that means within
ven/o – is a that means vein
-ous is a that means pertaining to
Notice, when breaking down words that you place slashes between word parts and a slash on each side of a .
Language rules are a good place to start when building a medical terminology foundation. Many medical terms are built from word parts and can be translated . At first, literal translations sound awkward. Once you build a medical vocabulary and become proficient at using it, the awkwardness will slip away. For example, suffixes will no longer be stated and will be assumed. The definition of intravenous then becomes within the vein.
Since you are at the beginning of building your medical terminology foundation stay literal when applicable. It should be noted that as with all language rules there are always exceptions and we refer to those as . So let’s begin by analyzing the language rules for medical terminology.
Word part at the beginning of a medical term that changes the meaning of the word root.
the foundational meaning of a word.
A word part added to the end of a word that changes the meaning of the word root.
The combining form vowel is used to join word parts and to ease pronunciation.
The most common combining form vowel is an "o" but sometimes it is an "i" or an "e".
A word root with a combining form vowel.
follows the rules exactly
word parts that do not fit within the language rules