Aerial photo of a suburb and golf course at the base of a desert mountain range
Urbanization has profound environmental impacts on the surrounding natural areas, such as these desert mountains in the Phoenix, Arizona area.

Environmental Science  is a free and open textbook that enables students to develop a nuanced understanding of today’s most pressing environmental issues. This text helps students grasp the scientific foundation of environmental topics so they can better understand the world around them and their impact upon it. This text draws largely from the following open sources, in addition to new content from the editor:

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Environmental Science Copyright © by Sean Whitcomb is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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