A1: Sentence Fragments: Sentence Fragments can be corrected by adding a missing subject or verb. Fragments that begin with a preposition or a dependent word can be corrected by combining the fragment with another sentence. See Writing for Success Section 2.1 pp. 42-28 or the following: http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/fragments.htm
Missing subject fragment: Ran around the park. (Add a subject)
Fixed: The dogs ran around the park.
Missing verb fragment: Time management as a part of student life. (Add a verb)
Fixed: Time management as a part of student life is challenging.
Prepositional phrase fragment: In a classroom on the other side of town. (Add a subject and verb)
Fixed: Her true love sat in a classroom on the other side of town.
Verbal phrase fragment: Figuring it was his only chance to succeed. (Connect to the sentence the phrase modifies)
Fixed: Figuring it was his only chance to succeed, he sent her the poem.
Dependent clause fragment: Since he really needed advice. (Connect to the sentence before or after)
Fixed: Since he really needed advice, he was glad she was his friend.
Dependent clause fragment: Which really bothered Brenda. (Connect to the sentence before)
Fixed: Mark chewed loudly, which really bothered Brenda.
Afterthought fragment: As if to send him a silent message. (Connect to the sentence be)
Fixed: She blinked twice at him, as if to send him a silent message.
Fragment with -ing verb: Five of their biggest fans attending the concert. (Put the verb in a proper tense).
Fixed: Five of their biggest fans attended the concert.