A is an organized collection of , generally stored and accessed electronically from a computer system. Data stored in databases might include facts about people, events, things or ideas. This provides , which generates . Databases contain to store or reference data. The database objects we will focus on are:
Good database design is critical, and must be planned out before the database is built. One of the first steps in designing a database is to ask ‘What questions should this database be able to answer?’ The goals of the database should be to store data in a way that makes it easier to answer these questions. The database should be . Good database design means that the data should be organized in a way that eliminates duplicate records. in the data can cause the integrity of the database to be compromised. Another principle of good database design is a focus on accuracy and consistency of the data. Since many different might update data in a database, care should be taken to ensure data controls are in place to ensure consistency.
When working through the projects in this chapter, it is important to pay close attention to the details. For example, spelling and naming conventions must be precise and consistent. Attention to detail is required when working with databases. Since databases are relational, there is a hierarchy that must be followed.
If a mistake is made when creating the database foundation, it will not function properly. The mistake will need to be corrected before continuing on. If you run into a database error, it is best to re-read the previous steps in the assignment and double check your work. If you are not able to resolve the error, your instructor can help.
We will focus on . These types of databases are more robust than . The following are common DBMS, or database management systems:
|Database Name||Type||Key Features|
|Microsoft Access||RDMS||Runs on Windows only
Part of Office 365 Professional
Many templates available
Widely used in business operations
|MySQL||Open Source RDMS||Structured Query Language
Utilized at many large corporations such as Facebook and Google
|Oracle||RDMS||Utilizes object oriented features
Commonly used for running online transaction processing, data warehousing and mixed database workloads
Going forward, we will focus primarily on Microsoft Access. If you are using a MAC, you will need a dual boot with Windows to run Microsoft Access.
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An organized collection of facts about people, events, things or ideas related to a specific topic or purpose
The documents, worksheets, pictures, songs, and so on that you create and store during the day-to-day use of your computer
Data that is accurate, timely, and organized in a useful manner
Processed information that is useful when making important decisions
The basic parts of a database that you create to store your data and to work with your data; includes tables, queries forms and reports
Easy to use and understand, it is a goal to create database that are easy to use
In a database, information that is duplicated in a manner that indicates poor database design
The person or people that use the database
A sophisticated type of database that has multiple collections of data within the file that are related to one another
A simple database that file that is not related or linked to any other collections of data