Vocabulary

Biopsychosocial model views human health as the result of reciprocal influences of bodily, psychological, interpersonal, and cultural influences over time and situations.

Diet is the sum of food consumed by an organism or group.

Disparity results when there is a difference, imbalance, or inconsistency where one should not otherwise exist.

Drive States are affective experiences that motivate us to fulfill goals that benefit our survival.

Food scarcity is the result of having limited access to adequate food and nutrition due to cost, proximity and/or other resources.

Disease is a broad reference to any condition that impairs normal functioning of the body.

Illness refers to the individual’s own experience with his/her disease.

Infant mortality is the death of young children under the age of 1.

Life expectancy (LE) is a statistical measure of the average time an organism is expected to live, based on the year of its birth, its current age and other demographic factors including gender.

Subjective well-being (SWB) is a self-reported measure of overall health and wellness. It encompasses general and subjective areas of one’s own life.

Sleep hygiene is a variety of different practices and habits that are necessary to have good nighttime sleep quality and full daytime alertness.

Social determinants are complex social structures and economic systems that can drive most health inequalities such as access to health care or education.

Socioeconomic status (SES) is an economic and social combined total measure of a person’s economic and social position in relation to others, based on income, education, and occupation.

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Culture and Psychology by L D Worthy; T Lavigne; and F Romero is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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