1.7 Attributions and References

Creative Commons Resources for Chapter Text

The following resources have been used for research, starting points, and inspiration for this chapter. Unless otherwise noted in Attributed References or Media Assets, materials have been significantly reworked by this text’s authors.

​1. An Introduction to Geology by Chris Johnson, Matthew D. Affolter, Paul Inkenbrandt, Cam Mosher is licensed under CC BY-NC-SA 4.0

2. Environmental Science by Bill Freedman is licensed under CC BY-NC 4.0

3. Introduction to Human Geography by R. Adam Dastrup, MA, GISP is licensed under CC BY-NC-SA 4.0

4. Natural Disasters and Human Impacts by R. Adam Dastrup, MA, GISP is licensed under CC BY-NC-SA 4.0

5. Physical Geology – 2nd Edition by Steven Earle is licensed under CC BY-NC-SA 4.0

6. Geology by Lumen Learning is licensed under CC BY-NC-SA 4.0

7. Earth Science by Lumen Learning is licensed under CC BY-NC-SA 4.0

8. Essentials of Geographic Information Systems by Jonathan E. Campbell and Michael Shin is licensed under CC BY-NC-SA 4.0

Media Assets

Fig. 1.1 NASA/JPL- Caltech Science Institute. (2013)The Day the Earth Smiled.jpg [Photograph]. Wikimedia Commons. Retrieved February 4, 2021, https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:The_Day_the_Earth_Smiled.jpg#/media/File:The_Day_the_Earth_Smiled.jpg

  • An image showing our planet at Saturn’s distance. The image makes the point of the tiny dot where we live.


Fig. 1.1.1 NASA / Apollo 17 crew. (1972). The Blue Marble. [Photograph]. Wikimedia Commons. Retrieved February 4, 2021, https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:The_Earth_seen_from_Apollo_17.jpg

  • Picture of the Earth as seen from the moon.


Fig. 1.2.1. CWanamaker. (2014). Earth Fissure North of Hunt Highway – panoramio.jpg [Photograph]. Wikimedia Commons. Retrieved June 5, 2021 https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Earth_Fissure_North_of_Hunt_Highway_-_panoramio.jpg

  • An image of an Earth fissure in Southern Arizona. Earth fissures are mass wasting processes related to subsidence. The terrain cracks due to groundwater overdraft.

Fig. 1.2.2. Mainstone, J. (2007). Pitch drop experiment [Photograph]. Wikimedia Commons. Retrieved June 5, 2021, https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:University_of_Queensland_Pitch_drop_experiment-6-2.jpg

  • Experimental setup shows a funnel with a viscous, black substance falling into a beaker, all covered by a glass.

Fig. 1.2.3. Stozy10. (2013). Storegga tsunami deposits, Montrose basin (Maryton).jpg [Photograph]. Wikimedia Commons. Retrieved June 5, 2021, https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Storegga_tsunami_deposits,_Montrose_basin_(Maryton).jpg

  • A sequence of sediments of different colors to make student think about the different origins that these could have. They were deposited by a tsunami.

Fig. 1.2.4. Hokusai, K. (n.d.) The Great Wave off Kanagawa. [Modern recut copy]. Wikimedia Commons. Retrieved June 5, 2021, https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:The_Great_Wave_off_Kanagawa.jpg#/media/File:The_Great_Wave_off_Kanagawa.jpg

  • An image of a famous art piece showing big waves off the coast of Japan.

Fig. 1.2.5. Friis, A. (1907). Alfred Wegener by Achton Friis.jpg. [Photograph]. Wikimedia Commons. Retrieved June 5, 2021, https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Alfred_Wegener_by_Achton_Friis.jpg

  • A portray of Alfred Wegener during one of his expeditions, painted by Achton Friis. The picture humanizes the scientist and shows how artists have also contributed to the history of science.

Fig. 1.2.6. Ilif, D. (2005). Hopetoun Falls. [Photograph]. Wikimedia Commons. Retrieved June 5, 2021, Retrieved Jun 5, 2021, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=43330268

  • A decorative image of a beautiful landscape to symbolize geoethics and how the responsible exercise of the geosciences can


Fig. 1.3.1. Indiana University East, campus library (n.d.) Infographic Information literacy. Retrieved April 12, 2022, http://s3.amazonaws.com/libapps/accounts/10280/images/howtofactcheck.jpg. CC-BY-NC 4.0

A diagram showing boxes of different sizes and colors, the larger the box, the larger the populations. The bigger boxes are China followed by India and USA.


Fig. 1.4.1. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) U.S. Billion-Dollar Weather and Climate Disasters (2022).

  • Plot with months on the X axis, billions of dollars on the Y axis. Different lines are plotted to represent the years 2018, 2020, 2012, 2005, 2017 and 2021.


Fig. 1.6.1. (n.a.) Earth Science Stack Exchange [Photograph of the Earth from Space]. Retrieved April 26, 2022 from https://earthscience.stackexchange.com/questions/7283/how-high-must-one-be-for-the-curvature-of-the-earth-to-be-visible-to-the-eye

  • Part of the Earth globe appears as a blue arc against a black background.

Video 1.6.1. [Online Video] https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9xNjyLjUu8w&feature=emb_imp_woyt&ab_channel=Dr.SianProctor, CC BY.


Cajete, G. (1999). Native science. Natural laws of interdependence. Clear Light Publishers.

Can natural disasters be good for nature? | Earth Unplugged. (n.d.). Retrieved May 21, 2020, from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QZTESUOG–w&feature=emb_logo

Martin, J., Hamilton, B., Osterman, M., & Driscoll, A. (2021, March 23). National Vital Statistics reports – centers for disease … Center of Disease Control. Retrieved February 15, 2022, from https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr70/nvsr70-02-508.pdf

Center for Disease Control and Protection. (2022, Jan 13). National Center for Health Statistics. FASTSTATS-Death and Mortality. https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/fastats/deaths.htm

Climate Systems and Change | Earth Science. (n.d.). Retrieved April 26, 2020, from https://courses.lumenlearning.com/earthscience/chapter/climate-systems-and-change/

Competency Model Clearinghouse—Geospatial Technology Industry Competency Model. (n.d.). Retrieved May 21, 2020, from https://www.careeronestop.org/competencymodel/competency-models/geospatial-technology.aspx

Dastrup, A. (n.d.) Physical Geography and Natural Disasters. https://slcc.pressbooks.pub/physicalgeography/front-matter/introduction/

Di Capua G. and Peppoloni S. (2019). Defining geoethics. Website of the IAPG – International Association for Promoting Geoethics, retrieved 02/23/2021 from https://www.geoethics.org/definition

Earle, S. (2019). Chapter 1 Introduction to Geology. In Physical Geology—2nd Edition. BCcampus. https://opentextbc.ca/physicalgeology2ed/part/chapter-1-introduction-to-geology/

Friedman, B. (n.d.). Environmental Science. A Canadian perspective. https://digitaleditions.library.dal.ca/environmentalscience/

Human Development Index (HDI) | Human Development Reports. (n.d.). Retrieved May 21, 2020, from http://hdr.undp.org/en/content/human-development-index-hdi

Nature’s Fury: The Science of Natural Disasters. (n.d.). Retrieved May 21, 2020, from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oRiLLd2hX0E&feature=emb_logo

Overview of the Climate System (part 2) | METEO 469: From Meteorology to Mitigation: Understanding Global Warming. (n.d.). Retrieved April 26, 2020, from https://www.e-education.psu.edu/meteo469/node/202

Research, C. E. (n.d.). Haiti Earthquake Fast Facts. CNN. Retrieved May 21, 2020, from https://www.cnn.com/2013/12/12/world/haiti-earthquake-fast-facts/index.html

Sagan, C. (1994). Pale blue dot: A vision of the human future in space.

The 60-second case against time zones. (n.d.). Retrieved May 21, 2020, from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c3EQDfqqHsI&feature=emb_logo

What is Earth Science? | Earth Science. (n.d.). Retrieved April 23, 2020, from https://courses.lumenlearning.com/sanjac-earthscience/chapter/hs-what-is-earth-science/

What is Human Development? (n.d.). Retrieved May 21, 2020, from https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=136&v=HwgZQ1DqG3w&feature=emb_logo

What is Remote Sensing? (n.d.). Retrieved May 21, 2020, from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xIsUP1Ds5Pg&feature=emb_logo

Wysession, M. E., D. A. Budd, K. Campbell, M. Conklin, E. Kappel, J. Karsten, N. LaDue, G. Lewis, L. Patino, R. Raynolds, R. W. Ridky, R. M. Ross, J. Taber, B. Tewksbury, and P. Tuddenham, (2009). Developing and Applying a Set of Earth Science Literacy Principles, Journal of Geoscience Education, Vol. 60, No. 2, 95-99, 2012, DOI: 10.5408/11-248.1.

Teacher Resources

1.1 Carl Sagan’s Pale Blue Dot Video: https://youtu.be/wupToqz1e2g

1.2 International Association for Promoting Geoethics IAPG https://www.geoethics.org/

1.3 Interactive Media Bias Chart: https://www.adfontesmedia.com/interactive-media-bias-chart/

1.3 Professor Jeff Simpson Geonews: http://softpath.org/geonews.html Provides current Geonews with commentary

1.5 World population clock: https://www.worldometers.info/world-population/ An interactive website with live population counts and useful statistics such as Top 20 largest countries by population (live); plot for growth rate, historical world population data, population milestones, maps with world population density, etc.

1.5 United States Census Bureau https://www.census.gov/popclock/ is another good interactive website focused on the U.S. population

1.5 Population pyramid.net is another great interactive website that has the population pyramids for several countries in the world.

Study guide

Instructor References

DP22_Ch01_Science of disasters


Icon for the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License

Dynamic Planet: Exploring Geological Disasters and Environmental Change by Charlene Estrada, Carolina Michele Londono, Merry Wilson is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

Share This Book