A will form above a chamber or plume of . There is a wide variety of volcanoes, and some are more explosive than others. Molten is far from the only hazard; volcanic eruptions can cause massive damage with ashfall, s, toxic gases, and deadly landslides. There are even a few volcanoes considered so dangerous that we call them “supervolcanoes“, and they have the potential to impact society drastically for generations.
Although volcanoes are ous, they are a continuous boon for the global economy. The precious s and useful rocks formed by volcanic processes have benefited civilization for thousands of years. In the modern economy, we use volcanism as a source of alternative energy and rocks in trades ranging from construction to cosmetics.
- Describe the location of volcanoes in relation to plate boundaries.
- Describe the size, shape, and eruption style of volcanoes and how they form.
- Explain how scientists monitor and study volcanoes.
- Identify the major volcanic hazards and their effects on humans and property.
- Explain how volcanic processes benefit society.
an area on the Earth's surface where lava, ash, and/or volatile gases erupt and eventually solidify into rock.
molten rock that can be found beneath the Earth's surface.
molten rock that has erupted at the Earth's surface due to volcanic processes.
A mixture of super-heated gas, ash, volcanic glass, and rock fragments that rapidly moves downslope from 60 to over 400 mph.
an extreme natural event that is a threat to life and property
a solid, inorganic, and crystalline substance that has a predictable chemical composition and form by natural processes.
Rocks that crystallize from molten materials beneath the Earth surface or from volcanic processes.